100 cấu trúc hay, thông dụng trong tiếng Anh

Tiếng Anh là môn học tập vô cùng quan trọng và cần thiết. Để học tốt tiếng Anh, ngoài từ vựng tiếng Anh, các bạn cần phải hiểu rõ các cấu trúc câu. Hôm nay duhoctms.edu.vn sẽ bật mí cho bạn 100 cấu trúc hay, thông dụng nhất trong cuộc sống để bạn có thể sử dụng trong giao tiếp.

1. Cấu trúc hay, thông dụng là gì?

Cấu trúc câu trong tiếng Anh là các trật tự được quy định nhằm tạo ra câu có nghĩa. Trong tiếng Anh có rất nhiều cấu trúc câu khác nhau.

Cấu trúc hay
Cấu trúc hay, thông dụng là gì?

Cấu trúc câu thông dụng là các cấu trúc được người bản ngữ sử dụng thường xuyên. Bạn có thể bắt gặp những cấu trúc câu này trong giao tiếp và các bài kiểm tra tiếng Anh.

Vì thế, nắm được các cấu trúc hay, thông dụng trong tiếng Anh giúp các bạn học tập có lựa chọn, vừa tiết kiệm thời gian lại vừa hiệu quả.

2. Những cấu trúc hay và thông dụng trong tiếng Anh

Để học tập thuận lợi, ở đây, duhoctms.edu.vn sẽ chia đến bạn 100 cấu trúc. Cùng khám phá những cấu trúc tiếng Anh này nhé!

1. S + V+ too + adj/adv + (for someone) + to do something (quá….để cho ai làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • This structure is too easy for you to remember
  • He ran too fast for me to follow.

2. S + V + so + adj/ adv + that +S + V (quá… đến nỗi mà…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • This box is so heavy that I cannot take it.
  • He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything.

3. It + V + such + (a/an) + N(s) + that + S +V (quá… đến nỗi mà…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • It is such a heavy box that I cannot take it.
  • It is such interesting books that I cannot ignore them at all.

4. S + V + adj/ adv + enough + (for someone) + to do something(Đủ… cho ai đó làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • She is old enough to get married.
  • They are intelligent enough for me to teach them English.

5. Have/ get + something + done (VpII) (nhờ ai hoặc thuê ai làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I had my hair cut yesterday.
  • I’d like to have my shoes repaired.

6. It + be + time + S + V (-ed, cột 2) / It’s +time +for someone +to do something (đã đến lúc ai đó phải làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • It is time you had a shower.
  • It’s time for me to ask all of you for this question.

7. It + takes/took+ someone + amount of time + to do something (làm gì… mất bao nhiêu thời gian…)

cấu trúc hay
It + takes/took+ someone + amount of time + to do something

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • It takes me 5 minutes to get to school.
  • It took him 10 minutes to do this exercise yesterday.

8. To prevent/stop + someone/something + From + V-ing (ngăn cản ai/cái gì… không làm gì..)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I can’t prevent him from smoking
  • I can’t stop her from tearing

9. S + find+ it+ adj to do something (thấy … để làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I find it very difficult to learn about English.
  • They found it easy to overcome that problem.

10. To prefer + Noun/ V-ing + to + N/ V-ing. (Thích cái gì/làm gì hơn cái gì/ làm gì)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I prefer dog to cat.
  • I prefer reading books to watching TV.

11. Would rather + V­ (infinitive) + than + V (infinitive) (thích làm gì hơn làm gì)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • She would rather play games than read books.
  • I’d rather learn English than learn Biology.

12. To be/get Used to + V-ing (quen làm gì)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I am used to eating with chopsticks.

13. Used to + V (infinitive) (Thường làm gì trong qúa khứ và bây giờ không làm nữa)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I used to go fishing with my friend when I was young.
  • She used to smoke 10 cigarettes a day.

14. To be amazed at = to be surprised at + N/V-ing (ngạc nhiên về….)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: She was amazed at how calm she felt after the accident.

15. To be angry at + N/V-ing (tức giận về)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: His father was very angry at his bad marks. (Bố anh ấy rất tức giận vì anh ấy bị điểm thấp.)

16. to be good at/ bad at + N/ V-ing (giỏi về…/ kém về…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I am good at baking.
  • I used to be bad at Math.

17. by chance = by accident (adv) (tình cờ)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I found this briefcase by accident, I didn’t know that was yours.

18. to be/get tired of + N/V-ing (mệt mỏi về…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I was tired of doing the same task over and over again.
  • She soon got tired of her boss ignoring her.

19. can’t help / resist + V-ing (không nhịn được làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • She couldn’t help buying all the clothes in the shop.
  • The boy can’t resist eating that chocolate bar.

20. to be keen on/ to be fond of + N/V-ing (thích làm gì đó…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I’m keen on action movies such as Avengers: Endgame.
  • I used to be fond of noisy places like bars and clubs.

21. to be interested in + N/V-ing (quan tâm đến…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: The buyer is very interested with our offer.

cấu trúc hay
To be interested in + N/V-ing

22. to waste + time/ money + V-ing (tốn tiền hoặc thời gian làm gì)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I don’t want you to waste time playing video games.
  • The company wasted a lot of money on setting up a new location.

23. To spend + amount of time/ money + V-ing (dành bao nhiêu thời gian làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • She spent a lot of time hanging out in shopping malls.
  • Our family has spent a lot of money on fixing that roof.

24. to give up + V-ing/ N (từ bỏ làm gì/ cái gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: My dad gave up smoking years ago.

25. would like/ want/wish + to do something (muốn làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • I would like to go to a fancy restaurant.
  • I want to have some warm milk for breakfast.
  • I wish to earn more money this year.

26. have + (something) to + Verb (có cái gì đó để làm)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I have a lot of homework to do today.

27. It + be + something/ someone + that/ who (chính…mà…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • It is this hospital that I was born in.
  • It is Minh who used to be my math teacher.

28. Had better + V(infinitive) (nên làm gì….)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: She had better go back to college.

29. avoid + N/V-ing (tránh ai hay việc gì)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • You can’t avoid responsibilities at work.
  • I know that you’re mad, but you can’t avoid your mom forever.

30. It’s + too + adj + to + V-infinitive (quá … để làm gì)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: It’s too hot to go out today, let’s stay inside.

31. Take place = happen = occur (xảy ra)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: The match took place at My Dinh Stadium last week.

32. to be excited about (thích thú)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I was extremely excited about going to Japan for the first time.

33. to be bored with/ fed up with (chán cái gì/làm gì)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I was fed up with paying bills in the city, so I moved back to my hometown.

34. There is + N-số ít, there are + N-số nhiều (có cái gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • There is a cup of tea on the table.
  • There are many people sitting in the living room now.

35. feel like + V-ing (cảm thấy thích làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Yesterday, I felt like going out for a drink, so I called the girls up.

36. expect someone to do something (mong đợi ai làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: My teacher expects me to admit cheating, but I won’t.

37. advise someone to do something (khuyên ai làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: My doctor advised the man to stop drinking.

38. go + V-ing (chỉ các trò tiêu khiển..)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I went swimming the other night at the beach.

39. leave someone alone (để ai yên…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I wish you could leave me alone for a second!

40. By + V-ing (bằng cách làm…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: By paying atttention throughout the course, Jane has passed the exam as the top scorer.

41. decide + to + V-infinitive

Ví dụ minh hoạ: My father has decided to purchased a new car for the family.

42. for a long time = for years = for ages (đã nhiều năm rồi)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I haven’t seen you for ages!

43. When + S + V-ed, S + was/were + V-ing.

Ví dụ minh hoạ: When I reached home, my mother was cooking dinner.

44. When + S + V-ed, S + had + Pii

Ví dụ minh hoạ: When I reached home, my mother had already set up our dinner.

cấu trúc hay
When + S + V-ed, S + had + Pii

45. Before + S + V-ed, S + had + Pii

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Before I reached home, my mother had already set up our dinner.

46. After + S + had +Pii, S + V-ed

Ví dụ minh hoạ: After my sister had done her homework, she went to bed.

47. to be crowded with (rất đông cái gì đó…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Hanoi is often crowded with tourists.

48. to be full of (đầy cái gì đó…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I can see that you are full of joy today.

49. To be seem + adj

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Everybody seems so relaxed since it’s almost Tet festival.

50. except for/ apart from (ngoài, trừ…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • All students can go home, except for Peter.
  • Apart from Math, your final results are pretty good.

51. as soon as (ngay sau khi)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: As soon as you return home, feed the cat.

52. to be afraid of (sợ cái gì..)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I used to be afraid of spiders when I was a child.

53. can / could hardly (hầu như không thể)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I could hardly hear what you are saying, it’s so loud in here.

54. Have difficulty + V-ing (gặp khó khăn làm gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: We had some difficulties while doing the project.

55. suggest sb do something (gợi ý cho ai đó làm gì)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: The doctor suggest the patient take regular exercises.

56. in which = where; on/at which = when

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • This is the house where I grew up.
  • It was last week when I had finished school.

57. Put + up + with + V-ing (chịu đựng…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I can no longer put up with this noise.

58. Make use of + N/ V-ing (tận dụng cái gì đó…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Try to make use of the extra flour, you can make some amazing cakes.

59. Get + adj/ Pii (làm cái gì hoặc trở nên thế nào đó)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I had better get things done this week before the upcoming holiday.

60. Make progress (tiến bộ…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: The family was estatic as their son had made some progress since they last saw him.

61. take over + N (đảm nhiệm cái gì…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: As she was visiting our grandparents, my mother let me take over the house until she got home.

62. Bring about (mang lại)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Playing sports brings about tremendous benefits to people.

63. Such + N + that … (cái gì … đến nỗi mà …)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Such a low bridge that the bus couldn’t go under.

64. At the end of và In the end (cuối cái gì đó và kết cục)

Ví dụ minh hoạ:

  • At the end of the seminar, parents and the speaker gathered for a photo.
  • In the end, I decided to go back to college.

65. To find out (tìm ra)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I’ve found out that there is a mouse living in our house.

66. To succeed in (thành công trong…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I hope that some day you will succeed in what you choose.

67. Go for a walk (đi dạo)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: After lunch, I decided to go for a walk.

68. One of + so sánh hơn nhất + N (một trong những…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: One of the most modern car is here with us tonight.

69. It is the first/ second…/best + time + thì hiện tại hoàn thành

Ví dụ minh hoạ: It is the first time I’ve been to Hanoi.

70. Live off (sống nhờ vào …)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: When I was on vacation, I mostly lived off snacks and beer.

71. To be fined for (bị phạt về)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I was fined 200.000 VND for jumping the light.

cấu trúc hay
To be fined for – Cấu trúc hay

72. from behind (từ phía sau…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: As my boss was approaching from behind, I lowered my voice.

73. so that + mệnh đề (để….)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I stopped playing video games so that I could focus more on study.

74. In case + mệnh đề (trong trường hợp…)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: In case it rains tonight, bring an umbrella with you.

75. can / could have Pii (đáng lẽ ra có thể làm gì)

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I could have avoided the rain if I had stayed at home.

76. It is obvious that…: Hiển nhiên là 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: It is obvious that smoking is harmful to our health. 

77. In almost every corner of St: Ở mọi ngõ ngách của cái gì 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: The atmosphere of Tet has spread in almost every corner of Hanoi. 

78. To take an avid interest in St: cực kỳ yêu thích cái gì 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I take an avid interest in seeing science-fiction movie. 

79. To raise investment: gây quỹ đầu tư 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Last year, her company raised $500,000 investment from an angel investor. 

80. To introduce St to/ into St: đưa/ giới thiệu cái gì đến với cái gì 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: They have been successful in introducing a new breed of bees into Australia. 

81. To support the whole family: kiếm tiền nuôi gia đình 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Susanna has to work hard to support the whole family. 

82. To cheer Sb up: làm ai vui vẻ 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: My little brother often cheers me up whenever I came home after stressful hours at school. 

83. To give Sb motivation: tạo động lực cho ai 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: My parents are the people who give me the motivation to become a good interpreter. 

84. All walks of life: tất cả các tầng lớp xã hội 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: It is necessary that people from all walks of life work together to fight against social evils. 

85. To meet the requirements: đáp ứng yêu cầu 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: You must work hard to meet the requirements of the company. 

86. To realize my dream: hiện thực hóa ước mơ 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: To realize my dream of being a good MC, I must exert more effort to master communication skill. 

87. St comes to one’s mind: cái gì nảy ra trong đầu 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Austria is the first country that comes to my mind in terms of the place I want to live in the future. 

88. Have a deeper insight into: có hiểu biết sâu hơn về cái gì Mrs. Le is the person who helps me have a deeper insight into Vietnamese literature. 

89. The root of this civilization: gốc rễ nền văn minh 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: The root of Maya civilization may start thousands years ago. 

90. There are an increasing number of St: có một số lượng tăng lên của cái gì 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: There are an increasing number of dwellers in Ho Chi Minh city nowadays. 

91. A huge fan of: Là một fan hâm mộ cuồng nhiệt của 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I am a huge fan of movies so I often spend most of my free time watching famous films such as “The Great Gatsby”. 

92. Get rid of: bỏ, rũ bỏ 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: I think I should get rid of some bad habits such as staying up late or eating junk food on a regular basis. 

93. Put it on repeat: tua đi tua lại 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: My elder sister likes the song “Hello” by Adele so much that she usually puts it on repeat. 

94. Bring back good memory: nhắc lại ký ức đẹp đẽ 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Whenever I go to Thu Le park, it often brings back good memory when I was just 4 or 5, I was often taken to the park by my parents. 

95. Grow up + Ving: lớn lên cùng những cái gì 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: The actor Leonardo DiCaprio has a great influence on me as I grew up watching his movies. 

96. Recharge my battery: hồi sức/ thêm năng lượng để làm gì 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Taking photographs of little things in my house helps me recharge my battery after stressful hours at work. 

97. There is a wide array of: có rất nhiều cái gì 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: There is a wide array of public means of transport but the most common one in Singapore is MRT. 

cấu trúc hay
There is a wide array of:

98. Inspiration for many artistic works: nguồn cảm hứng cho rất nhiều tác phẩm nghệ thuật 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Hoan Kiem lake, which is located in the center of Hanoi, has been the inspiration for many artistic works. 

99. Has long been a topic for: là chủ đề cho 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Motherhood has long been a topic for writers. 

100. Be an indispensable part: là phần không thể thiếu 

Ví dụ minh hoạ: Lotus is an indispensable part of Vietnamese culture.

Học tiếng Anh nói chung và học ngữ pháp nói riêng không chỉ học qua loa, sơ sài là có thể giỏi được. Bài viết trên đây mang tính tổng hợp những cấu trúc hay, thông dụng mà bạn tham khảo để học tốt tiếng Anh hơn. Duhoctms.edu.vn chúc các bạn học tập tốt và thành công.

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